How is nutrition changing in the modern world? Interestingly, after fast food experienced a real boom in the second half of the last century, today, on the threshold of the third millennium, it seems that humanity is determined to abandon some of its harmful habits. Even with burgers and pizza we see a desire for more completeness.
At the same time, the time of highly restrictive diets, feverish calorie counting, perpetual hunger and the yo-yo effect has also passed. Today’s nutritionists seek to identify what harmful, but also beneficial trends in our diet and record their effects. Systems are being developed that help us optimize our food, and with it our health and weight.
Several major trends seem to dominate our modern eating culture. Some of them, such as ketogenic diets, are innovative inventions of mankind – the keto diet was first developed in the early 1970s . Other trends have existed for a long time and today are simply recycled and rediscovered by nutritionists – such as seasonal nutrition and consumption of fermented products.
Plenty of seasonal fruits and vegetables in the predominance of vegetables
Modern trends in nutrition strive for natural products without unnecessary additives and processing. One of the biggest hits is to eat simply seasonal and organically grown crops. This is actually a diet that many peoples around the world have followed before the huge trade progress that began with the Great Geographical Discoveries. and is experiencing a real boom with the advancement of transportation technology in the coming centuries.
The key point here is to always give preference to vegetables over fruits. However, we should not underestimate the amount of sugar in them, even if it is of natural origin.
With this diet, it is also important to finish eating no later than 6 pm and even at 5 pm. Give your body time to digest what is ingested during the day, as vegetables and fruits stay a little longer. in the stomach and can enter a fermentation process and even cause bloating.
Whole grains in the predominance of refined carbohydrates
There is nothing better than whole grain fiber for weight loss. White flour is processed and much more difficult to absorb by the body. This regimen is suitable for people who are trying to lose a few pounds in the hips and abdomen. Replace the morning pie with a slice of wholemeal bread or muesli.
Nowadays, you can find many such foods in specialty stores. Choose the ones you like and replace the harmful white flour and gluten. It is especially important to limit sugar.
Useful fats at the expense of carbohydrates
Ketogenic diets are based on inducing the body’s ketogenesis process. It takes place in the mitochondria of cells and the “fuel” for it is fatty acids. What we need to do with keto regimens, however, is to limit carbohydrate intake.
There are different types of keto diets depending on the formula we follow:
- standard (very low carbohydrate content)
- MCT keto and others.
It is interesting to mention that the ketogenic regimen is used nowadays as concomitant and preventive therapy against epileptic seizures. This type of diet can cause side effects in people with heart problems, constipation, low blood pressure, liver disease and more. If you fall into any of these risk groups or have another chronic condition, seek advice from your doctor before undergoing a ketogenic diet.
Moderate consumption of animal protein
Fried and fatty foods have been a hit for the past few decades. Lately, however, people are becoming more and more concerned about their health and more and more interested in what they eat. Thus, the trends have shifted in favor of healthier ways of food processing.
You can roast or grill the vegetables and meat you eat instead of frying them. However, you will have to completely forget about the fryer! Choose more tender pieces of meat without a lot of bacon. Give preference to beef over pork.
We may think less and less about this, but daily consumption of meat was not a habit in most cultures around the world until the end of the twentieth century. Our grandparents ate far more grains and plant proteins than meat and animal fats.
At the same time, most doctors are of the opinion that the intake of animal fats should not be completely limited.
It is interesting to note that even in the religious fasts, which most of us know only as the 40 days of abstinence from meat and dairy products before the great Christian holidays of Christmas and Easter, are in fact expressed in a much larger scale. and a complex system of food which covers virtually every day of the year.
Fasting is a kind of regime that recommends taking certain products and abstaining from others at different times of the year. Thus, in times when personal health culture was unattainable for many people, and food storage was a real challenge. The development of this type of food calendars has been linked to traditional and mythological symbolism, specific to the region, so that they can be more easily internalized by the masses.
Limiting inflammation in the body
Most diets are associated with one or another type of restriction. This is not necessarily a wrong approach, but we should certainly not make it an end in itself. However, it is extremely important to have the right strategy to limit.
Modern science has found a link between chronic inflammation, which is caused by certain foods, and a number of diseases, including depression, diabetes, arthritis and many more. etc. It is advisable to reduce these foods, including processed meats, fatty foods Keep in mind that it is good to reduce the intake of carbonated and sweetened beverages.
Nutritionists recommend instead of these harmful products to eat nuts, fruits, olive oil, tomatoes.
In recent years, scientists have proven the huge role of probiotics in the development of healthy gastric flora. Curiously, some peoples had knowledge of these healing properties, which they extracted with the help of fermented foods.
Sauerkraut, which is deeply rooted in the Bulgarian folk tradition, for example, is a classic example of a fermented product. Thanks to him, our people have long derived the required dose of vitamin C. Until years ago, it was almost marginalized as a product of bygone times, but in the modern world, its many benefits have come to light.
Today, Bulgarians are proud of the similarity between our custom of canning cabbage by fermentation with the growing Korean tradition around the world – namely, the preparation of their characteristic pickled kimchi.
Another ancient habit of our ancestors was to drink mare’s milk, fermented with the help of a specially cultured bacterial colony. They called this milk koumiss and thought that it gave great power to the proto-Bulgarian. The Russians, Ukrainians and other peoples of this region, who do not have the ability to produce yogurt with local bacteria, still make kefir with the help of the same sponge.
In recent years, kombucha has become super popular – a drink made from the same “kefir” mushroom, only grown in green tea. It is believed that it is extremely useful and cures a number of diseases. Among the recognized properties of all these drinks is the high content of probiotics. These are noble bacteria that help maintain stomach balance.
In the ancient Indian system of beliefs about health and body, Ayurveda diet is based on “prakriti” and “purusha”. Simply put, these are “our innate nature”, largely determined by heredity and innateness, and its “status at the moment”, highly dependent on the environment.
Prakriti makes us predisposed to certain foods, but also to certain diseases. It defines our age-old internal and external characteristics. “Purusha” – our current state, can be very different from our natural balance. In most cases, this is a prerequisite for many unpleasant consequences. Therefore, Ayurveda strives to return the mind and body to balance with the help of food.
In order to begin to eat, as is proper for us according to this teaching, it is necessary to know ourselves, or more precisely our “constitution.” This is the name of the characteristic balance of our life energies in Indian medicine.
In Ayurveda, these energies are three and are made up of five elements:
- coffee (water and land)
- cotton wool (air ether)
- pie (fire and water)
Depending on how our body is built, it also depends on what is good for us to eat and what is not.
Ayurveda cuisine is inspired by the elements that make up the universe and the gifts of nature. Special vegetarian and vegan dishes have been developed that are used for proper and even healing meals. This is the case, for example, with kitsch (kichdi), cereals, so complete that it is often used for detoxification regimens.
What do they have in common?
All these types of modes are united by some common features. For example, with any diet, most people are increasingly open to trying different culinary techniques from around the world. Fortunately, the modern world can offer these opportunities and ethnic cuisine has become popular in many parts of the world.
In addition, in all types of diets the aim is natural, eco and organic products.